Australia is one of the most unique and diverse countries on planet earth. Australia was first settled by the indigenous tribes who were the sole owners of this vast continent. Later during the nineteenth century, European immigrants arrived along with many captive prisoners. Australia is the most sparsely populated country and most of the population is concentrated along the glamorous east coast cities of Canberra, Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. Australia’s western half and central region is full of desert and outback. Initially after the advent of Europeans many aborigine tribes lost their lands and rights to the Europeans and their numbers also declined due to European introduced diseases and armed clashes. Europeans settlers formed provinces, initially six which later joined to become a one country- Australia. This is a highly developed country with very high quality of life. Australia has large areas that have been deforested for agricultural purposes, but many native forest areas survive in extensive national parks and other undeveloped areas. Long-term Australian concerns include salinity, pollution, loss of biodiversity, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.
By Air: International travellers arrive first in Australia in Sydney, the largest city. After Sydney, significant numbers of travellers also arrive in Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth. Direct International flights are also available in Adelaide, Cairns, Darwin, the Gold Coast and Christmas Island. Regular low coast regional carriers from Asia and New Zealand connect various Australian metropolitan cities. Sydney it is a 3 hour flight from New Zealand, a 7-11 hour flight from countries in Asia, a 14 hour flight from the west of the United States of America and Canada, a 14 hour flight from Johannesburg, South Africa, a 13-16 hours flight from South America, and up to a 24+ hour flight from Western Europe. On account of long journey times from some destinations, some travellers from Europe opt to have a stop-over, commonly in Singapore, Hong Kong, Dubai, Bangkok or Kuala Lumpur.
The northern states are best visited during the winters, from July to September while the summer months are ideal for visiting the southern states. On the whole, September and October are the best, when it is neither too hot nor too cold. Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere and hence the winter lasts from May to August while November to March is summer months. The general climate is dry and pleasant and visitors flock to Australia round the year. Europeans and visitors from western countries prefer to spend their winter holidays i.e. a vacation over Christmas and New Year at Australia. The warm sun kissed beaches are just right for getting the perfect tan. However a variation in climatic conditions makes various times of the year suitable for visiting specific regions within Australia.
The food of Indigenous Australians was largely influenced by the area in which they lived. Most tribal groups subsisted on a simple hunter-gatherer diet, hunting native game and fish and collecting native plants and fruit. The general term for native Australian flora and fauna used as a source of food is bush tucker.